Highlights of this spring journey to far East Gippsland: Mammals: Platypus (Ornithorhychus anatinus), Echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus), Bare-nosed Wombat (Vombatus ursinus) Red-necked Wallaby (Notamacropus rufogriseus), Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) and Common Brushtail (Trichosurus vulpecula) Swamp Wallaby (Wallabia bicolor) and Australian Fur Seal (Arctocephalus pusillus)
Birds particularly Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres), Rufous Whistler, Mistletoebird (Dicaeum hirundinaceum), Laughing Kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae), Brown Goshawk (Accipiter fasciatus), Hooded Plover (Thinornis cucullatus), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta), Australasian Darter (Anhinga novaehollandiae), Little Tern (Sternula albifrons), White-browed Woodswallow (Artamus superciliosus), Sacred Kingfisher (Todiramphus sanctus), Sooty Shearwater (Ardenna grisea) and many others.
Wildlife Guide: Martin Maderthaner Areas visited: Orbost, Marlo, Lakes Entrance, Lake Tyers Beach, Raymond Island, Cape Conran Coastal Park, Cabbage Tree Palms Reserve, Lake Tyers Forest, Snowy River National Park, Buchan Caves Reserve, Croajingolong National Park, The Lakes National Park.
The You Yangs Region has a proven track record as a significant, sought after destination for international travellers seeking high quality wildlife experiences. Currently over 10,000 international travellers visit the region each year to see, enjoy and help conserve wildlife in the wild!
A recent Branding Strategy commissioned by Tourism Greater Geelong and the Bellarine identified numerous stand-out assets the region offers including “the all natural exhilaration of a ‘wild and free’ oasis of (Australian) experiences, just a stone’s throw from the city.”
The You Yangs Regional Park and Serendip Sanctuary are the major drawcards for this type of tourism yet both places are vastly undervalued for their potential to drive economic growth and community security in the region.
Recent research (1) shows that sustainably-managed Wildlife Tourism can be a major driving force in drawing local communities together, bringing respect for the environment coupled with consistent and reliable economic growth.
This document describes how the region can become an iconic Wildlife Tourism destination bringing high yielding, low impact visitors to Geelong, Victoria and Australia, thereby bringing pride, respect and income into the region.
A Conservation and Wildlife Tourism Zone and associated Tourism Hub have been identified as the best technique for bringing the region into focus as a Wildlife Tourism destination.
Aboriginal People continue to see the You Yangs as highly significant to their lives. Using our experience working with local Aboriginal People we have touched upon a few ideas that will include the Aboriginal Community in the ongoing process of defining the future of the region. NB – Our suggestions must been seen as requiring significant Aboriginal input and are included as a starting point only.
Finally, we have dealt with the impacts of Climate Change and suggested ways in which even this can be used to improve the offering that the You Yangs region can give the world.
We ask that Parks Victoria and the Project Control Group see this submission as a completely achievable plan to place the You Yangs region on the international stage thereby giving the region and the people who live in it a clearly-defined pathway to an exciting, profitable and sustainable future.
2. Overview – International Wildlife Tourism & Conservation
3. BRANDING : Serendip and the You Yangs
4. Wildlife Tourism Hub – Major Upgrade to the Toynes Road Entrance
5. Community Ownership – the Koala Clancy Foundation
6. Climate Change
7. Aboriginal Culture & Tourism
8. Linking the You Yangs & Serendip
9. LINKS, NOTES & REFERENCES: importance of Wildlife Tourism to local communities and economies
APPENDIX 1: YOU YANGS
APPENDIX 2: SERENDIP
2. Overview – International Wildlife Tourism & Conservation
This document was created by Echidna Walkabout as a guideline to GHD Advisory for the You Yangs Region Master Plan. In it we suggest important changes to the way that You Yangs Regional Park and Serendip Sanctuary are managed to increase the region’s potential for economic development through International Wildlife Tourism linked to other strategies. At the apex of this concept is the creation of a Conservation and Wildlife Tourism ZoneA map of the proposal can be viewed here.
We have dealt with specific details in the body of this submission however in this Overview we highlight issues we believe urgently need addressing in the region to allow for sustainable growth through Branding, a Wildlife Tourism Hub, Community Ownership, Climate Change, Aboriginal Culture, a physical link between Serendip and the You Yangs.
Solid supporting international reference works are provided at the end of this Overview in 9. LINKS, NOTES & REFERENCES.
3. BRANDING: Serendip Sanctuary and the You Yangs
These two parks must be seen as inextricably linked not only due to their close proximity but also as they provide complementary attractions that reinforce the Brand Strategy for the region as defined only last year by the You Yangs Region Destination Promise for Tourism Greater Geelong and The Bellarine.
The branding paraphrased the region’s ‘offer’ as:
The You Yangs and surrounds offer the all natural exhilaration of a ‘wild and free’ oasis of (Australian) experiences, just a stone’s throw from the city.
The region must therefore become:
Victoria’s natural oasis in the urban jungle. A picturesque, untainted and genuinely filmic region of Australia where native habitats, wildlife, cultures and communities, remain free to thrive and share their stories.
The defining principles of the brand are:
providing a natural oasis within easy reach of the Melbourne and Geelong.
wild and free connections to nature
ecological care and commitment to preservation (including responsible development)
a window into ancient and living/thriving indigenous culture
Using this Brand Strategy let’s turn to a plan that will help the brand become reality.
4. Wildlife Tourism Hub – Major Upgrade to the Toynes Road Entrance
The region requires a focus point: wildlife tourism can provide that focus. The proposed upgrade to the Toynes Road access on the eastern side of the You Yangs recognises the significance of this section of the park to wildlife conservation and wildlife tourism.
We believe this ‘hub’ will:
significantly raise the profile of the region for wildlife tourism
provide urgently needed facilities for conservation and wildlife tourism
help control vandalism in this section of the park
allow better access for emergency vehicles into the park
This document outlines a technique for creating the Hub (see APPENDIX 1C. Access & Wildlife Tourism Hub below)
5. Community Ownership: the Koala Clancy Foundation
Each tour gains insights and valuable research on the koalas in the park which is used to help understand the conservation needs of these marsupials. This research has allowed the Koala Clancy Foundation (KCF) to identify required conservation efforts for the ongoing protection of these very valuable animals.
A number of years ago KCF reached out and invited the local community to be involved in a major conservation, boneseed removal and tree planting program in and around the You Yangs. The response has been far more than we could ever expected with both townsfolk and farmers becoming involved. As a result:
7,500+ native trees have been planted by Koala Clancy Foundation in partnership with Melbourne Water along streams and rivers on the plains surrounding the You Yangs – these allow koalas access to high quality food sites and ensure the future of the species in the region.
Pride is growing in the region with regular highly-attended, booked-out Koala Conservation Days. The growth in attendance has increased exponentially with both locals and corporate involvement from companies including KPMG, Aesop, the Australian Defence Force, Get Lost Travel Group, Venture Advisory, Pearson Educational Publishing, British American Tobacco; and educational groups from Wyndham City Council, Albert Park College, Emmaus College, Deakin University, Rowville High School, Monash University and RMIT.
International support has come from unique sources including large financial contributions from some of the world’s largest cruise ship companies and numerous wholesale travel companies
We will continue with this very important outreach to the community with the clear aim of giving local people ownership of the koalas in the You Yangs.
6. Climate Change
Over the past 20 years we have witnessed a dramatic downturn in the following natural systems in the You Yangs region:
Stream flows have reduced dramatically eg. Lake Serendip was usually full or had at least some water in it, now it is dry most of the time; waterholes and streams in the You Yangs that were reliable now rarely contain water,
Koala numbers in the You Yangs have plummeted by 46% in the decade 2007 to 2017 and continue to decline.
Vegetation is dying back or disappearing especially in the You Yangs. River Red Gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis, a long-lived species, and koala’s most preferred food tree in the You Yangs, is dying and declining across the Park.
Birds of dry schlerophyll woodlands are declining – particularly parrots, hollow-nesters including Laughing Kookaburras, Brown & White-throated Treecreepers; finches, insectivores including Scarlet Robin & Jacky Winter, and woodland specialists like Black-chinned Honeyeater & Yellow Thornbill. See BirdLife Australia State of Australian Birds.
Average day and night temperatures are increasing and annual rainfall is reducing
Extreme multi-day heat events are increasing and are having a serious impact on wildlife that stuck within the boundaries of the You Yangs park. This is particularly noticeable amongst arboreal mammals (koalas and possums) and smaller bird species
The Millennium Drought had an influence on the biodiversity of the region and there is reason to believe that complete recovery will not occur.
These are all the signs of Climate Change as predicted by the IPCC and are very concerning for the future of the You Yangs region, in particular with wildlife tourism.
The Climate Council of Australia’s recent report: “Icons at Risk: Climate Change threatening Australian Tourism” is a sobering investigation of major risks to tourism caused by higher temperatures, major shifts in weather patterns, lower rainfall over much of Australia, species loss and extinction and other factors.
Another issue which is of growing significance to inbound tourism is the carbon cost of international flights. ‘Flight shaming’ is a growing concern to international travellers ie, if you travel long distances by air you can be seen as a ‘carbon emitter’ or ‘carbon hog’ which is becoming more of a concern to many travellers, especially those from Europe and Scandinavia.
Recent Climate Strike marches across the world are a powerful indicator of the way people are feeling about human-induced increases in CO2 emissions. On tours our passengers often want to know what we are doing to reduce our emissions and care for the environment.
Koala Clancy Foundation & Echidna Walkabout are helping to recover damaged public land and vegetation, through weed removal and tree planting. Tree planting not only provides habitat for wildlife, but also these trees act as a carbon sink ie. they can be used as a carbon offset. Tour participants become directly involved in restoring koala habitat whilst on tour thereby assisting directly with koala conservation and adding value to the local economy by ensuring that koalas will continue to draw tourism dollars into the region in the future.
The high yielding international Wildlife Tourism market tends to reduce rather than increase numbers on a tour (2). As Melbourne and Geelong expand the You Yangs region is in danger of being ‘loved to death’ by visitors. Visitor numbers to the region have exploded over the past 10 years, doubling in some years. We advocate for fewer visitors, paying more for goods & services, staying longer and bringing higher benefit to the region, in terms of income and reduced impact on the parks and CO2 emissions.
In the Branding Yard area a water point was set up a number of years back to test if it can assist in supporting wildlife especially during extreme multi-day heat events. This water point is filled by Echidna Walkabout staff on a weekly basis. We can show that wildlife is using this water point and that it is assisting the survival of both mammals and birds. This idea comes directly out of similar ideas in African national parks and should be expanded in the You Yangs.
Wildlife Tourism will assist the You Yangs region deal with Climate Change (3). This provides a significant and unique marketing identity for the region as it fits in well with people’s desire to travel responsibly and with the Brand Strategy discussed earlier.
7. Aboriginal Culture & Tourism
For the entire 26 year existence of Echidna Walkabout we have worked closely with Aboriginal People. Before the business began, we gained approval from the local elders of the Wathaurong People to operate in their region. Our operations were carefully monitored by them before they gave approval to our operations in 1993.
Since that time we have worked closely with the local Aboriginal community and have employed, and continue to employ, Aboriginal People as guides, drivers, koala researchers and as Aboriginal interpreters. We have also been involved in Aboriginal Employment forums in Geelong.
We have a meaningful ongoing relationship with a number of local Aboriginal People. One specific example of our work with the Aboriginal Community over many years is at the Wurdi Youang site on the plains east of the You Yangs where the Koala Clancy Foundation has planted thousands of trees along the Little River by invitation and in collaboration with the managers of that very important ceremonial site.
7a. Wurdi Youang
This site is extremely important and has significant potential to attract cultural tourism to the region. A number of detailed reports have been produced that detail how the site could be used for tourism, learning and training activities. We urge you to consider this information and suggest that a union between international wildlife tourism and Aboriginal tourism would be a big win for the region. We have shown that this type of collaboration works and endorse any action that increases respectful enhancement of Aboriginal tourism in the You Yangs region.
7b. Aboriginal employment opportunities
Great potential exists in the region for employment of Aboriginal People as follows:
Educators & Guides : we employ local Aboriginal People as Guides, Researchers and Educators. We’d like to see these activities expand so that Aboriginal People can continue to be trained into tourism.
‘Bush Rangers’ : a support group could be set up to train Aboriginal People as Bush Rangers (ie Bush Guides). These people would learn about cross-cultural interpretation from both Indigenous and non-indigenous people. Along with existing Indigenous Knowledge these Bush Rangers would become both important interpreters of the You Yangs as well as a behind-the-scenes support team. Similar programs to this have worked in Kakadu National Park with some people working behind the scenes and others working with visitors.
Wildlife Research : we currently employ Koala Researchers, some of whom are Aboriginal People, to monitor and provide important field information on koalas identification, movements and home ranges in the You Yangs. This work is ongoing and significant and must continue.
We believe that Parks Victoria is well placed to assist with a Bush Ranger program that would help visitors to appreciate and understand the cultural significance of the You Yangs to Aboriginal People. This program would significantly enhance the current tourism offers into the region and would would also be a significant stepping stone for tours emanating out of Wurdi Youang.
8. Linking the You Yangs & Serendip Sanctuary
Various ideas and proposals have been put forward regarding a physical link or corridor between the You Yangs and Serendip Sanctuary. In the context of the You Yangs Region there is no doubting that this corridor is needed both for people and for wildlife. Here are our suggestions:
8a. Wildlife Corridor
A wildlife corridor should be created along the watercourse that runs out of the You Yangs just east of the Main Entrance to the park and southward to enter Serendip Sanctuary just west of the rear entrance gate on Plains Road. Trees planted along watercourses are most likely to survive and provide refugia for wildlife.
A 50 metre wide corridor planting of native trees and shrubs (local to that area) could be planted along the watercourse.
Negotiations for the creation of the corridor would be carried out by the City of Greater Geelong and the planting done and maintained by the local community. Koala Clancy Foundation would be happy to help.
Special attention would need to be made to facilitate wildlife crossings at Plains and Branch Roads.
8b. Human Corridor
The corridor for human movement between the two parks could be combined with the Wildlife Corridor but should only be on the edge of the corridor (not in the middle) and only be for walking as bike riding may not be conducive to protecting wildlife.
Another option would be to create a bike path along Flinders Avenue.
9. LINKS, NOTES & REFERENCES:
(1) The World Bank : Growing Wildlife-Based Tourism Sustainably: A New Report and Q&A (2018)
BRIEF “While wildlife and biodiversity are increasingly threatened by habitat loss and a lack of funding for protection, nature-based tourism is on the rise and could help provide solutions for these issues. The publication Supporting Sustainable Livelihoods through Wildlife Tourism highlights successful wildlife tourism programs in seven countries in Africa and Asia that can be used as models to promote conservation and boost economies. World Bank lead economist Richard Damania answers questions on the drivers, innovations and challenges for wildlife tourism, and why the World Bank Group and governments should support sustainable tourism strategies.”
(2) United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO): Towards Measuring the Economic Value of Wildlife Watching Tourism in Africa (2015)
Relevant Extract – page 3 “The exercise has also been successful in identifying key indicators related to wildlife watching tourism that assist in measuring the segment’s economic importance and potential growth. For instance, a typical wildlife watching tour involves on average a group of six people, lasts 10 days, has an average daily price per person of US$ 433 and captures an additional US$ 55 in out-of-pocket expenses per person, per day. The findings also indicated the differences between standard and luxury segments with the greatest variation being in both average daily price per person per day (US$ 753 for a luxury package and US$ 243 for a standard package) and in out-of-pocket expenditures (US$ 59 for a traveller on a luxury package and US$ 44 per person per day on a standard package). Little variation was found between the segments related to the size of the group or the average length of stay which seem to be consistent characteristics of the wildlife watching product instead of factors directly related to the comfort of the experience”
(3) The World Bank: Supporting Sustainable Livelihoods through Wildlife Tourism (2018)
ABSTRACT Tourism is an engine for jobs, exports, and investments. The tourism sector is also the largest, global, market-based contributor to financing protected area systems. Nature-based tourism (NBT) is a sub-component of the tourism sector that includes wildlife-based tourism. NBT is a powerful tool countries can leverage to grow and diversify their economies while protecting their biodiversity, and contributing to many sustainable development goals (SDG). Local communities, private sector enterprises, and governments can also benefit from investments in tourism through increased market opportunities and linkages to tourism services such as agriculture production, hoteling, restaurants, transportation, health services, etc. This report explores innovative tourism partnership and investment opportunities to help countries unlock smart investment and grow tourism sustainably. It showcases sustainable wildlife tourism models from Botswana, India, Kenya, South Africa and many other countries and promotes solutions that offer insight into the wildlife based tourism sector as a mechanism for inclusive poverty reduction and global conservation.
(4) United Nations Environment Program (UNEP): Building a Wildlife Economy (2019)
EXTRACT “Recent decades have seen strong “country brands” emerge where nature, and nature-based tourism, are used to promote national values, appeal to investors, and generally increase the country or region’s international profile. Growth in tourism is typically accompanied by better economic performance overall: those countries with well-developed tourism sectors score better in a range of economic metrics including Foreign Direct Investment, exports, and employment. The positive perceptions that nature-based tourism branding generates therefore represent an important opportunity for African countries [and other countries] to market themselves to the world, and deliver a wider economic and political agenda.”
The following two appendices deal separately with specific concepts for both the You Yangs and Serendip
APPENDIX 1: You Yangs
1a. Conservation & Wildlife Tourism Zone
We have proposed a Conservation and Wildlife Tourism Zone for the You Yangs. See map:
We suggest the following general principles for the management of this Zone:
The Zone should be managed with the express intention of securing the long term biodiversity of native wildlife and vegetation in the Zone allowing high quality international wildlife tourism to be carried out in the Zone
The Zone will be widely promoted in the region as a source of ongoing economic benefit to the region through employment and services to the tourism and associated industries. Wildlife should be promoted as an asset that needs protection if it is to produce viable economic outcomes (2)
Dog walking will continue to be allowed but all dogs MUST be on a leash and controlled. Special signage should be increased in the zone to explain the reasons for dog control.
In the Branding Yard section (inside the locked BYR gates) all human access will be on foot except for vehicles operated by LTO’s, PV and emergency vehicles.
No bikes or biking events in the Branding Yard section and no additional bike tracks within the entire Zone.
At least 3 artificial waterholes/sites be identified and located in the Branding Yard area and one in the Fawcetts Gully area (similar to sites found in wildlife tourism zones in east and southern African national parks that recognise that wildlife that has been cut off from movements by farming, clearing and other activities often require intervention in the form of artificial water sources.)
A major ongoing effort be undertaken to reduce goat and other feral animals in the Zone with particular attention placed on foxes and cats regardless of whether they re-infest.
Continuing eradication of Boneseed and other noxious weeds
Only low impact wildlife tours will be allowed in the Zone
A maximum number of LTO’s allowed access to the Zone
LTO’s may need to provide evidence of their conservation credentials/ethics to gain access to the Zone
1b. Gateway Towns – Lara and Little River
We have identified the east and south side of the You Yangs as having the greatest potential for wildlife tourism in the region. As such we therefore believe that the region requires town-based hubs as the proposed gateways to wildlife tourism. Both Little River and Lara are strong candidates for these hubs with Little River probably best located to act as the primary hub to the You Yangs east face and Lara to Serendip and the south face of the You Yangs.
These two towns are very different and are in separate Council areas which can be of benefit to both towns. Each will have different reasons and potential outcomes for being involved in Wildlife Tourism and each can gain significantly by being involved. It has been shown in a number of countries that the creation of protected wildlife tourism zones (be they publicly or privately operated) has a significant economic and social benefit to the wider community. (4)
1c. Access & Wildlife Tourism Hub
The main access to the You Yangs at present is the entrance off Branch Road. In the interests of increasing the park’s ability to handle international wildlife tourism here are our suggestions:
1c.1. Toynes Road Entrance upgrade
The Branding Yard area of the You Yangs is a significant and growing wildlife tourism precinct. We have proposed that this area become part of a Conservation and Wildlife Tourism Zone. Toynes Road gives direct access to this area and to some of the best wildlife in the wild viewing opportunities in the Melbourne/Geelong region. This is a brief outline of how this entrance can be upgraded to both increase the quality of wildlife tourism and reduce vandalism in this section of the park:
Work with City of Greater Geelong to upgrade Toynes Road to allow for better all-weather access to the Toynes Rd gate – ie. stabilise and upgrade the camber of the road surface, improve and upgrade culverts and drainage etc.(NB. roadside vegetation along Toynes Rd is important bird habitat; roadworks should minimise impact on this vegetation)
Also CoGG should assist with the creation of a new public carpark on the outside of the park in close proximity to Toynes Rd main gate (see 1h. Carparks)
Create a Tourism Support Hub (TSH) inside the park near the junction of the Toynes Road, Great Circle Drive and Branding Yard Road (north entrance). This TSH would be behind the existing locked gate at the entrance to Branding Yard Road north (not to be confused with the Toynes Rd gate) and would contain:
– A picnic area (see 1f. Picnic areas)
– A vehicle parking area suitable for mini coaches (see 1h. Car Parks)
– A new toilet facility (see 1e. Toilets)
The TSH would have two main zones:
– one zone would be for licenced tour operators (and designated thus by signage)
– the other zone would be for the general public
– the toilet facility would be for both types of users
The Branding Yard Rd north gate would only be accessible by LTO’s, PV and emergency vehicles
If possible implement a new access gate system similar to the Branch Road Main Entrance gate at Toynes Road with access by phone number – the existing gate is very cumbersome
Continue to allow access to the Toynes Rd gate only to keyholders not to the general public.
Install a new pedestrian/bike access gate into the park at this entrance.
1c.2. Cressy Gully Road entrance upgrade
Cressy road is underutilised and could become a significant entrance to the park as it gives access to Great Circle Drive at an earlier point than Toynes Rd. An upgrade to this entrance, and the road itself (see Roads), would allow better access to the whole eastern side of the park. It would also facilitate easy access for Indigenous tours moving between Wurdi Youang and the eastern side of the You Yangs. Here are a few suggestions:
The entrance gate off Drysdale Rd should be closed for use (except by PV staff).
Access to Cressy Gully should be re-routed via a locked gate accessible from the Drysdale Road Carpark. This gate should remain accessible to key holder only.
The gate at the junction of Cressy Gully Road and Great Circle Drive is dangerous. A flat stopping area for vehicles should be constructed on Cressy Gully Rd so that vehicles can stop temporarily while the gate is opened. This gate should remain locked and accessible only to keyholders.
Roads in the park are in urgent need of upgrade and repair. Verges on the main entrance road/Turntable Drive are eroding badly and potholes form regularly after heavy rain. The same applies to Big Rock Road. Repairs and widening to the tarmac on both these roads should be a priority. Maximum speed on all roads in the park should be 40kph. Signage should point out the reason for speed controls with emphasis placed on the protection of wildlife assets living in the park. Other roads that we are interested in are discussed below:
1d.1 Great Circle Drive (GCD)
Any upgrades should be designed to ensure that the maximum speed on the drive is no greater than 40kph. This will ensure that wildlife is protected from car strike – this is particularly important in regards to koalas.
Signs should be erected to advise drivers to look out for wildlife and to advise of penalties for speeding
GCD should remain one way from the current start and finish points (NB suggestion below re updated access to the park from Toynes Rd and via Cressy Gully Rd
Cycle races must not be carried out on GCD
1d.2 Branding Yard Road (BYR)
This road is an important wildlife viewing access road
Vehicle access to BYR should remain limited to selected key holders
Maximum speed should be 20kph
Two way traffic should still be allowed on this road for it to be used successfully as a wildlife viewing road (I can provide reasons for this if required).
New gates should be installed at either end of BYR (see also 1c. Access & Wildlife Tourism Hub)
BYR requires very little upgrade except for the sloped section near the Bunjil Geoglyph, some general maintenance of drains and gutters and some very minor tree lopping to allow vehicles to move along the road
Maximum vehicle passenger capacity on BYR should be 25 people
No competitive bike riding should be allowed along Branding Yard Road
1d.3 Cressy Gully Road (CGR)
This road is currently highly vulnerable to erosion during heavy rain but could also be a valuable access point both for Wildlife Tours and Indigenous Cultural Tours
Consolidation and drainage works could improve the quality of CGR with some possible minor configurations/alignment also required
Access gates at either end of this road require attention as they are both dangerous and awkward to use (see Access). The gate allowing access onto GCD is particularly dangerous as vehicles must stop on a steep slope while drivers open the gate
Access should remain to authorised keyholders only
Conveniences in the park are at a very low state of repair with urgent upgrades and repairs required plus the establishment of a new toilet. These changes will bring the park into alignment with requirements by major cruise ship companies and tour operators as well as provide the general public with better and more hygienic facilities.
1e.1 Existing facilities
The Visitor Centre toilet should be replaced with a modern facility with a minimum of 6 women’s cubicles, a significantly larger men’s urinal and at 3 cubicles
The toilets at Kurrajong Picnic Area MUST be replaced urgently – quite simply they are a disgrace and a major health hazard. Water should also be supplied to these toilets if possible
The Big Rock toilet is relatively new and seems to be coping reasonably well
The Lower Picnic Ground toilet should be replaced with a similar structure to the one suggested for the Visitor Centre as it is a site visited by many people.
The Turntable Carpark facility needs and overhaul and possible upgrade as it does not appear to be able to cope with the large amount of traffic it receives
The Valley Picnic Ground toilet could do with an upgrade too
1e.2 Proposed new facility
Assuming that we enter the park from Toynes Rd (which we do): due to the one way direction of GCD we cannot stay longer than about an hour in the Branding Yard area before we need to head over to the Turntable area for passengers to find bathroom relief – we are then unable to return to Branding Yard without travelling around GCD. It’s worth noting here that the entire eastern side of the park has no bathroom facilities.
We therefore propose that a new bathroom facility be built at the following two locations:
Near the northern entrance to Branding Yard Road. This facility would be of a high quality and similar to the one at the Visitor Centre but with 3 cubicles for women, a urinal and 1 cubicle for men.
A second facility should be built near the location of a new picnic area in the Branding Yard Rd vicinity – if this picnic area is located near the north entrance to Branding Yard Rd a second toilet would not be required.
1f. Picnic areas
Picnic areas generally in the You Yangs are in urgent need of attention and upgrading. These are the key changes that we propose:
The Kurrajong facility should be used as a basis for the design of other picnic areas. The tables and hard surface make the area very easy to use and the roof allows it to be used in most weather conditions. Similar set ups of a lesser and/or greater size should be created at the following locations – all should be roofed:
Big Rock Picnic Ground (possibly two at this location as it is heavily used)
Yellow-Gum Picnic Ground
Turntable Car Park??
Fawcetts Gully. Rotten and damaged picnic tables must be replaced urgently
The facility in the Lower Picnic Ground should be upgraded and duplicated.
The Valley Picnic Ground is one of the most beautiful in the park and could do with a significant upgrade both to the picnic tables themselves and to the toilet block. More trees and shrubs could be planted in the VPA. A larger groups picnic table with roof could also be placed in this area
Fireplaces should be removed entirely to protect the You Yangs from fire (we have extinguished numerous unattended fires in fireplaces in the You Yangs over the years)
1f.2 New Picnic areas – Branding Yard
Toynes Gate – Branding Yard: A significant picnic area should be created in a location close to Toynes Road entrance to the park. This would be roofed, set in a pleasant location and capable of seating 20 to 40 people under a roof (or roofs). The set up would be designed to:
accommodate small scale tour operations
have a nearby toilet
have a carpark big enough to accommodate minibuses
preferably have a watering point
A smaller ‘basic’ picnic area for 10 to 20 people should be created near the waterholes near the junction of Branding Yard Rd and Saddleback Track. This would also be roofed but would not require a toilet and would also be designed for tour groups.
1g. Cafe/food outlets
Some consideration and much debate has gone on over many years into whether a cafe or similar commercial outlet should be opened in the You Yangs. It is our contention that this would be possible as long as it is located directly inside the Branch Road entrance to park on the east side of the entrance road between the Duck Ponds School and Branch Road. The Duck Ponds School could be associated with the cafe but not necessarily incorporated into the structure. A significant car park will be required to be built either just outside the park or just within it for cars using the cafe. The cafe should close when the park closes.
Car parking in the You Yangs has become a significant problem as visitor numbers increase and existing carparks degrade. Here are a few suggestions:
Visitor Centre – urgently needs to be redefined consolidated with a non erosive surface. A large bus/coach parking area for short term parking for at least one large coach needs to be defined
Yellow Gums – needs to be repaired, surfaced consolidated and the two access points better defined and widened
Lower Picnic Ground – is subject to major erosion after heavy rain which can make certain section of the carpark unuseable. This entire area needs to be hard surfaced with defined parking bays
Big Rock – this carpark gives access to a major Aborignal site and is an important picnic ground. Because it is located at a dead end the Big Rock carpark can be problematic especially for larger tour vehicles (coaches). The turntable at the end of the road is not big enough to accommodate a large coach and needs to be big enough to allow a large coach to turn around. The small vehicle carparks should be sealed and parking bays defined.
Kurrajong – once again this carpark is subject to erosion after heavy rain and should be consolidated
APPENDIX 2: Serendip Sanctuary
2a. Wildlife Tourism & Conservation
Serendip Sanctuary is a major component of the Wildlife Tourism in the region – it has been described as “the pendulum that keeps the You Yangs clock ticking”. The significance of the sanctuary to the region cannot be overemphasised especially its population of wild Eastern-grey kangaroos – these macropods – and the sanctuary as a whole – are a critical component of our tours and have been for over 26 years.
It is vital to our operation that Serendip retains its raw and wild feeling and that the kangaroos are allowed to keep roaming in the park (we do understand that at times there may need to be some controls put in place to ensure that the kangaroo population does not get too high) Any changes that upset the fine balance that the kangaroos of Serendip have with the park and its environs will almost certainly mean that they will leave and that will be the end of our use of the sanctuary and possibly the region as a whole – that is how important Serendip is!
Here are some preliminary thoughts on how the Sanctuary should be used in the future:
Many parts of the park have a “wild and remote” feel (as described by international tourists) and it is important that this feeling is retained, especially on the western side of the park
The current grasslands must be retained. This means that no further tree planting should occur in the park. Over the past decade large swathes of the sanctuary have been planted with trees wiping out grasslands that we used.
There has been talk of a walking/bike route through Serendip. To avoid disturbing wildlife we do not believe that a bike or walking path contiguous with the outside of the park should be constructed through the sanctuary UNLESS it follows a route that avoids the front entrance paddock and keeps east of the lake (ie. does not use the western section of the ring road). The exit point could be near the rear gate on Plains Rd.
Most importantly, Serendip is a Sanctuary and must NOT be considered as an adventure destination for bikers, joggers or runners or as a multi-use public park for events, music festivals etc. If this happens the park will lose its integrity. Serendip has always been, and should remain, a peaceful haven for wildlife watching and appreciation and must remain that way for it to be of any benefit to wildlife tourism. See the section about Branding on the first page of this document for more details on how this works.
The Ring Road should remain available only to LTO vehicles and PV staff
The front entrance paddock should continue to be available to LTO’s only with no modifications at all. This paddock is vital to our cruise ship operations.
The western side of the sanctuary is used primarily by our small group tours and is a place where our guests and guides can lose themselves in the beauty of the Australian bush.
Serendip has a long history of conserving endangered wildlife and plants – this part of its activities should be reawakened and built upon as many visitors to the sanctuary would be happy to meet, be involved with and look into the conservation efforts of the facility. Many of our guests would pay to see and learn about these activities.
Serendip urgently needs to consider upgrading its staffing to include a number of ‘roving guides’ who will help people appreciate the place by taking guided walks through the enclosures and helping both young and old understand how important biodiversity and conservation are. (see also Aboriginal employment)
The ‘walk through’ areas of Serendip are degrading rapidly which is a travesty in the making as they showcase some of our least seen and most important wildlife of the region. These areas urgently need repairs and upgrades.
Weed and pest control is a serious problem for Serendip and must be undertaken.
Funding to undertake this important work should be a priority
Water is the key to Serendip’s success – every effort should be made to ensure that sanctuary has an ongoing supply of both surface and underground water.
The sanctuary is primarily accessible from Windemere Road but there is another very useful access point from the rear of the park off Plains Road. Here are some ideas:
The front gate at Serendip should be replaced with the same type of gate used at the main entrance to the You Yangs. As we regularly use the park after closing hours this would make access far easier and require less keys.
The rear entrance to the park is currently protected using a very badly damaged gate and grid. This should be upgraded to a reinforced heavy duty gate and the gate posts moved further apart to allow larger vehicle access to this entrance. This would benefit both wildlife tourism and assist with egress in the case of bushfire.
Both access points should be only available to confirmed keyholders including LTO’s who have been vetted to ensure they will care for the sanctuary when it is unstaffed.
2c. Roads & fences
The Ring Road is holding up reasonably well for our tour vehicles however we’d like to suggest a few modifications/upgrades:
The turn beside the works shed is very tight. Can this turn be made less difficult by removing some of the obstacles in this area?
The drain under the Ring Road on the northernmost section of the road is subject to erosion after rain and could be widened a little if possible
There are too many fences and enclosures that do nothing in the sanctuary, many of which should be removed as they are unsightly, however the fences around the front entrance paddock and the public picnic area should remain to prevent unwanted access to sensitive wildlife viewing zones
The main carpark toilet urgently requires an upgrade; tiles are falling off the walls, toilets regularly become blocked and there are not enough cubicles. We suggest that the existing block be extended and renovated or replaced. There should be at least 6 cubicles in the woman’s toilet and 3 in the mens room plus a large urinal. There should also be much better serviced handwashing facilities and at least 2 external drinking fountains.
2e. Picnic areas
Main Carpark – this picnic area needs renovations to tables and seating and possibly an extension to the current covered area.
Dedicated Group BBQ area for tours – this area is extremely important to us as a tour operator and has been left to disintegrate over the years. It requires a major overhaul with particular attention to:
The privacy fence – it should be repaired to keep the natural ‘boma’ feel
Tables and chairs need to be updated for up to 40 people
New roof to cover at least 25 people – possible ‘sail’ type?
This area should only available to pre-booked groups and therefore lockable
Access from the main carpark to this area should be available (with a locked gate to ensure others do not use it)
NEW Large Group Area – in the cruise ship season we regularly bring up to 120 people into the sanctuary for lunches and occasional dinners. At present we arrange for a marquee to be erected in the main carpark however if a dedicated area could be set aside, not too far from the toilet block, to do this it would make life much easier. We’d like to work with PV to bring this to fruition.
2f. Cafe/food outlet
There is little doubt that a cafe within Serendip would be profitable but it would need to be very carefully sited so that it did not interfere with the wonderful wild feel of the sanctuary. A good location for this could be to the north of the Eastern-barred Bandicoot enclosure beside the entrance walk looking over the duck ponds OR where the old office building was. It should not be too far from the toilets or, if that is unavoidable, a new toilet facility may be needed.
A cafe that could cater for 40 to 50 people would definitely be of interest to the tourism industry as long as it is low key, quiet, well designed and provides good quality meals.
The current main carpark at Serendip works reasonably well. The main matter that we are interested in is that we will continue to have access to the north eastern section of the carpark for our marquees for large groups.
A brief history of Echidna Walkabout’s involvement in the lead up to the Business Plan.
This history may throw some light on the when, where, why and how of the report.
15th March 2018 – A number of meetings occurred in the ensuing year including a joint meeting on this date between the Directors of Echidna Walkabout and Ministerial Advisors to the Minister for Tourism and the Minister for the Environment.
5th September 2018 – A 2 page Summary of Potential titled “Conservation & Wildlife Tourism Zone” was submitted to the Minister for Tourism, John Eren as required by the Minister for the Environment. Also included in the Summary was the original map along with numerous high quality links that gave weight to the proposal
8th June 2019 – One of Echidna Walkabout’s most significant emails to Paul Wallace (District Manager Western Basalt Region – Parks Victoria). Sent just prior to GHD being awarded the contract to produce the Master Plan. Here we voice – once again – our concern that International Wildlife Tourism is not mentioned in any supporting information about the Master Plan.
Wildlife Guide: Martin Maderthaner Areas visited: Orbost, Marlo, Lakes Entrance, Lake Tyers Beach, Raymond Island, Cape Conran Coastal Park, Cabbage Tree Palms Reserve, Lake Tyers Forest, Snowy River National Park, Buchan Caves Reserve, Croajingolong National Park, The Lakes National Park.
Grey-headed Flying-fox (Pteropus poliocephalus), Red-necked Wallaby (Notamacropus rufogriseus), Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) and Common Brushtail (Trichosurus vulpecula) Swamp Wallaby (Wallabia bicolor)
Goanna (Lace Monitor Varanus varius), Jacky Lizard (Amphibolurus muricatus), Gippsland Water Dragon (Intellagama lesueurii howittii) and Red-bellied Black Snake (Pseudechis porphyriacus)
Freckled Duck (Stictonetta naevosa), Blue-billed Duck (Oxyuraaustralis), Little Eagle (Hieraaetus morphnoides), Sooty Oystercatcher (Haematopus fuliginosus), Red-necked Stint, Tawny Frogmouth (Podargusstrigoides), and heard both Powerful Owl (Ninox strenua) and Barn Owl, Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus funereus), Gang-gang (Callocephalonfimbriatum), Spotted Quail-thrush (Cinclosoma punctatum), White-eared Honeyeater, Superb Lyrebird, Large-billed Scrubwren (Sericornis magnirostra), Jacky Winter, Nankeen Night-heron, many Australian King-Parrots, and a big flock of Red-necked Avocet (Recurvirostranovaehollandiae) on the Snowy River flats.
Wildlife Guide: Janine Duffy
Areas visited: Orbost, Marlo, Lakes Entrance, Lake Tyers Beach, Raymond Island, Cape Conran Coastal Park, Cabbage Tree Palms Reserve, Lake Tyers Forest, Snowy River National Park, Buchan Caves Reserve, Croajingolong National Park, The Lakes National Park.
Highlights of this journey to far East Gippsland: Reptiles: Goanna (Lace Monitor Varanus varius), Jacky Lizard (Amphibolurus muricatus), Gippsland Water Dragon (Intellagama lesueurii howittii) Copper-tailed Skink (Ctenotus taeniolatus) and Red-bellied Black Snake (Pseudechis porphyriacus). Mammals: Australian Fur Seal (Arctocephalus pusillus), Echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus), Grey-headed Flying-fox (Pteropus poliocephalus), Red-necked Wallaby (Notamacropus rufogriseus), Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) and Swamp Wallaby (Wallabia bicolor). Birds: Peaceful Dove (Geopelia placida), Powerful Owl (Ninox strenua), Hooded Plover (Thinornis cucullatus), Wedge-tailed Eagle (Aquila audax), White-bellied Sea-eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), Nankeen Night-heron (Nycticorax caledonicus), Little Tern (Sternula albifrons), Spotted Quail-thrush (Cinclosoma punctatum), Australasian Gannet, Mistletoebird (Dicaeum hirundinaceum) and Superb Lyrebird (Menura novaehollandiae).
Wildlife Guide: Janine Duffy Areas visited: Orbost, Marlo, Lakes Entrance, Lake Tyers Beach, Raymond Island, Cape Conran Coastal Park, Cabbage Tree Palms Reserve, Lake Tyers Forest, Snowy River National Park, Buchan Caves Reserve, Croajingolong National Park, The Lakes National Park.
Dowell Creek is the largest expanse of warm temperate rainforest accessible from Mallacoota.
It is possibly the most likely site for rare rainforest pigeons in Victoria. Dowell Creek rainforest contains several plants that Rose-crowned & Superb Fruit-doves, Brown Cuckoo-dove, Topknot Pigeon & Pacific Emerald Dove are known to eat elsewhere in their range: Lilly Pilly Syzygium smithii; Sandpaper Fig Ficus coronata; Water Vine Cissus hypoglauca; Native Bramble Rubus sp., Muttonwood Myrsine howittiana & Sweet Pittosporum Pittosporum undulatum. Dowell Creek may contain some southern species that may be a food source: Pencilwood* Polyscias murrayi, Yellow wood* Acronychia oblongifolia and Blue Olive-berry* Eleocarpus reticulatus.
More information about fruits eaten by Australian rainforest pigeons:
Some species of rainforest pigeon have been recorded in East Gippsland in the past (Rose-crowned & Superb Fruit-dove, Emerald Dove), and others seem to be becoming more frequent: Topknot Pigeon, Brown Cuckoo-dove.
The bird diversity at the site is already impressive in just four visits: 73 species in 4 checklists. Both rainforest and dry woodland species seem to be present. Channel-billed Cuckoo was heard on our first visit in November 2018, along with typical wet forest birds like Black-faced Monarch, Superb Lyrebird, Satin Bowerbird, Rose Robin, Brown Gerygone, Olive Whistler and Wonga Pigeon. In contrast, Rufous Whistler, White-winged Triller, Jacky Winter and Australian Pipit – all dry woodland or open country birds – are also seen.
About Dowell Creek:
Dowell Creek is located on the northern side of Mallacoota Inlet, East Gippsland Victoria, and is part of Croajingolong National Park. The creek starts just over the border in New South Wales, just south of Royd’s Creek Road and Mines Road, in Nadgee Nature Reserve. The entire catchment of Dowell Creek is contained within Nadgee Nature Reserve (NSW) and Croajingolong National Park (VIC).
The area is managed as a Special Protection Area within Croajingolong NP (according to the 1996 Croajingolong Management Plan) but walking is allowed, with conditions (that I can’t find). As there are no signs restricting access, I think its safe to assume you can walk carefully along formed tracks.
There is a small private property on the western side of Dowell Creek near its mouth, but a strip of creek reserve can be accessed easily by boat, and there’s no need to trespass on private land. The rainforest is all within Croajingolong National Park.
The 5m powerboat (does not require a boat license) costs $180 for 8 hours. Best to call the day before to check availability and arrange the earliest start.
Earliest hire starts at 8am. It takes about 1.5 hours to get to Dowell Creek. From the jetty at Coull’s Inlet head north-east towards Fairhaven, past Allen Head. Continue up to Dowell Creek – when you see the twin white posts leading to Marshmead (Harrisons Creek) you’re nearly there.
Dowell Creek mouth is supposedly permanently open. It was open and navigable at low tide in May 2019, with the Inlet open to the sea. Cruise gently and carefully along Dowell Creek – there are some trees and snags in the creek.
About 1km along you will see open farmland and a low marshland on the west bank. You can pull in and tie up anywhere along here.
About the walk:
Walk total: about 1.5km each way. Grade: very easy, but with some wet patches after rain.
Walk north on the creek side of the fence as far as you can go. There is a boggy patch, but there is a stile over the fence if you need it. After one kilometre the creek and the fence turns suddenly west. You can walk along the fenceline to a ford across the creek. The first rainforest trees appear along the creek here.
Heading north again there is a vehicle track – you are now in national park. Dowell Creek curves around in a big westerly arc and after a few hundred metres you cross it again (there are stepping stones in the gully). Ahead there is an area of cleared land that has trees planted through it, and the main rainforest is to the north east.
On the map the rough location of a large Sandpaper Fig is shown – this huge tree was covered in undeveloped fruit in November 2018 and December 2019. You can see the top of it from the cleared land and vehicle track.
Best time to visit Dowell Creek Rainforest:
Best time to visit for rainforest pigeons would presumably be when the best fruit is available. But other factors (availability of fruit on their migration route, drought elsewhere) may also come into play. Past records of RCFC, SFD & PED are few, and seem to have no pattern, but BCD have been observed more often in Spring (Aug-Nov) in East Gippsland. But observations occur in all months in southern New South Wales.
Warm temperate rainforest plants in this region can flower and fruit at almost any time of year, and each species has a different period from flower to ripe fruit, which adds to the complexity.
I am trying to keep a record of flowering and fruiting times of some potential feed plants in East Gippsland in the hope of predicting good times to visit:
I would welcome other’s observations of flowering and fruiting of these plants to add to the spreadsheet. Please send to email@example.com – you will be credited.
At this stage, I am guessing that the best time to visit Dowell Creek in search of rainforest pigeons and special vagrants would be January-February when the Sandpaper Fig is in full fruit. Also April-May-June when Lilly Pilly, Water Vine & Jasmine Morinda are in fruit.
But any time could be good, and sightings (especially if entered on eBird.org, Victorian Biodiversity Atlas or Birdata) would add to our knowledge of this area.
* We have not yet identified Pencilwood & Yellow wood in Dowell Creek – Pencilwood is known to occur there, Yellow wood is not recorded but may be present. Blue Olive-berry is almost certainly present, but its not known if rainforest pigeons eat it.
An exploratory first trip out to the shelf on a small Mallacoota-based charter boat. [Some extra information included here for any birders planning to organise a similar trip themselves, which I recommend].
Observers: Rohan Clarke, Roger Smith, Janine Duffy (organiser/report writer).
Boat: Gabo Island Escapes 28 foot boat with twin 225 hp outboard motors and small cabin. Boat licensed for 7+2, skipper happy to take 6 passengers on a trip like this. Skipper: Kevin Lott; Deckhand: also a Kevin. Outfit were very professional and safe, and are fully licensed for trips to the shelf.
Cost: $770 total for charter. Berley included. May vary in high season or with higher numbers – I didn’t ask.
Weather: Clear, bright and sunny. Primary swell from south west to 2m. Wind from west at around 10 knots (at Gabo). Skipper was unconcerned and confident in these conditions, and boat could handle worse.
Activity: Departed Bastion Point boat ramp at 07.30. Headed southeast at a good speed. First stop at 09.15 at depth 207m. Moved on southeast after 45 minutes. Stopped again at 10.35 at 518m depth. Stayed about an hour, drifted to 570m depth. Started return journey at +/-11.30, headed for Tullaberga Island. Circumnavigated Tullaberga from 13.10-13.15, then headed back, arriving Bastion Point at 13.30.
Route: Southeast from Mallacoota to first stop: 37°44’51.3″S 150°05’39.4″E, second stop: 37°49’16.1″S 150°06’31.1″E Returned via Tullaberga Island (did not land).
[note: location of Merimbula – Mallacoota Pelagic March 2018 shown – that trip had slightly higher bird diversity, a great albatross, one more storm-petrel, a pterodroma and a procellaria petrel. See eBird checklist: https://ebird.org/view/checklist/S46867738]
Birds: 21 species, thanks mostly to Rohan. Many were distant and quick.
Arctic Jaeger: 1 flew past at distance.
Sooty Oystercatcher: 2 on Tullaberga Island
Silver Gull: 8 at sea, another 7 Tullaberga Island
Crested Tern: 10, seen throughout.
Little Penguin: 5, close to shore.
Yellow-nosed Albatross: 16, first few albatross we saw closest to shore.
Shy Albatross: 60, seen throughout trip.
Black-browed Albatross: 2, on way back in.
Bullers Albatross: 2, quick flybys
Wilson’s Storm-petrel: 12, several stayed near boat for extended periods.
Fairy Prion: 90
Antarctic Prion: 1
Sooty Shearwater: 1 on way back in
Short-tailed Shearwater: 1 on way back in.
Fluttering Shearwater: 1 pelagic at 2nd stop
Australian Gannet: 65 at sea, another 6 near Tullaberga Island. Several juveniles.
Black-faced Cormorant: 2 at sea, another 130 off Tullaberga Island
Great Cormorant: 1 at sea, another 8 Tullaberga Island
Little Pied Cormorant: 3 at Tullaberga Island
White-bellied Sea-Eagle: 1 immature at Tullaberga Island
Australian Fur-seals: 2, cavorted in berley slick for a bit.
Comfort: trip was very comfortable on way out, but quite rough and wet on way back in. If full (6+2) the cabin would have been cramped and some passengers might have got quite wet. Bring wet weather gear.
Berley: supplied by boat operator and distributed by deckhand. They had a range of frozen fish and tuna oil. Rohan gave them a few tips for future: small pieces, less often. Chicken skin may be good to include.
Conclusion: It was a quiet day for birding but species richness was not bad. Trip is worth repeating a few times in different seasons to see if birding improves. Considering that the location was just 5-15km south of location reached on March 2018 Merimbula-Mallacoota Pelagic, and at similar depth, and bird diversity on that trip was a bit higher, this trip may reflect a slow time of year.
Rohan recommended we try again, and December-January may be a good time.
Please feel welcome to contact me if you need more information: firstname.lastname@example.org